Turkey ranks 72th in Human Development Index (HDI)

Dec 14, 2015

Turkey’s Human Development Index (HDI) value for 2014 is 0.761— which put the country in the high human development category— positioning it at 72 out of 188 countries and territories.

On the Human Development Report (HDR) published in 2014 Turkey was ranked 69th among 187 countries and territories with the HDI value of 0.759. But the country is ranked 72nd on the same index of the HDR 2015 among 188 countries and territories with an index value of 0.761. Since the scale of countries covered in both reports are not equal, a direct comparison between two rankings should be made carefully.

Between 1980 and 2014, Turkey’s HDI value increased from 0.492 to 0.761, an increase of 54.7 percent or an average annual increase of about 1.29 percent.

Between 1980 and 2014, Turkey’s life expectancy at birth increased by 16.6 years, mean years of schooling increased by 4.7 years and expected years of schooling increased by 7.0 years.

Turkey’s GNI per capita increased by about 139.7 percent between 1980 and 2014.

Comparison with OECD and EU

Turkey’s HDI value which is 0.761 is below the average HDI value of EU member states which is 0.867 and OECD countries, which is 0.882.

Loss of 15.8% in HDI due to inequality

Turkey’s HDI for 2014 is 0.761. However, when the value is discounted for inequality, the HDI falls to 0.641, a loss of 15.8 percent due to inequality in the distribution of the HDI dimension indices.

The average loss due to inequality for high HDI countries is 19.4 percent and for Europe and Central Asia it is 13.0 percent.

Gender Inequality Index (GII) reflects gender-based inequalities in three dimensions –reproductive health, empowerment, and economic activity. Turkey has a GII value of 0.359, ranking it 71 out of 155 countries in the 2014 index.

In Turkey, 14.4 percent of parliamentary seats (after November elections, it is 14,7%) are held by women, and 39.0 percent of adult women have reached at least a secondary level of education compared to 60.0 percent of their male counterparts.

For every 100,000 live births, 20 women die from pregnancy related causes; and the adolescent birth rate is 30.9 births per 1,000 women of ages 15-19. Female participation in the labor market is 29.4 percent compared to 70.8 for men.

Female HDI value less than male HDI value

Gender Development Index (GDI), based on the sex-disaggregated Human Development Index, measures gender inequalities in achievement in three basic dimensions of human development: health (measured by female and male life expectancy at birth), education (measured by female and male expected years of schooling for children and mean years for adults aged 25 years and older); and command over economic resources (measured by female and male estimated GNI per capita).

The GDI is calculated for 161 countries. The 2014 female HDI value for Turkey is 0.716 in contrast with 0.793 for males, resulting in a GDI value of 0.902.

Human Development Report 2015 focuses on ‘work’

Human Development Report 2015 focuses on work and its contribution to making lives more fulfilling.

Work contributes to the richness of human lives and the richness of economies. However, this positive link is not automatic.

UNDP’s 2015 Human Development Report analyses the imbalance in paid and unpaid work and focuses on the changing world of work, driven by globalization and the digital revolution, which presents opportunities, but at the same time poses risks. The Report includes a series of policy recommendations focused on harnessing work for human development and achieving equitable and sustainable progress.

New approaches are required to create work opportunities for present and future generations alike, the report will argue.



Human development is about expanding the richness of human life, rather than simply the richness of economies. This idea focuses on people, and their choices and opportunities. The Human Development Reports use this approach to analyze some of the most pressing challenges facing humanity to achieve sustainable progress. More information at http://goo.gl/c7rHcc

Contact information

Faik Uyanık

Communications Officer


+90 312 454 1100


Nazife Ece

Communications Assistant



UNDP Around the world

You are at UNDP Turkey 
Go to UNDP Global