LP Gazı Kırsal Enerji Sorunu Çalıştayı15.Oca.2007
Speech of Mr. Mahmood Ayub
UNDP Resident Representative
Honorable Undersecretary Dr Sami Demirbilek,
Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen
It is a real pleasure for me to be able to participate in this important Workshop on the LPG Rural Energy Challenge, and to be able to co-host the event with the World and Turkish LPG Associations.
Allow me to share with you some brief remarks on the role of UNDP in clean energy for development, both globally as well as in Turkey.
As human societies adopt increasingly sophisticated and automated lifestyles, there is an increase in the demand for energy sources such as petroleum, natural gas, wood and dung. This increased demand translates into enhanced warming capability of the natural greenhouse effect, which, in turn, results in changes in many aspects of climate.
This is a global tragedy affecting everyone. But unfortunately the people who are most affected by it are the poorest people in the poorest countries. So the threat of climate change directly hinders the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. As you know, these goals are time-bound targets for reducing poverty and improving human development that world leaders agreed on at the Millennium Summit in September 2000.
Rapid climate change accelerates the loss of environmental resources, making the (i) first goal of poverty alleviation; (ii) the sixth goal for combating vector-borne diseases; and (iii) the seventh goal for environmental sustainability more difficult to achieve.
Deterioration in quality of potable water, frequent droughts and extreme or catastrophic weather events affect agriculture, water and other natural resources, thereby leading to negative impacts on human health. In countries such as Turkey, global climate change leads to increased land erosion and degradation, which leads to deterioration of agricultural systems and local food supply for the poorer and remote communities.
As the lead agency for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, UNDP is active across the globe to help developing countries build the needed capacity to adapt to the impacts of climate change, and to make affordable improved energy services to some 2 billion people who currently lack such access.
At the global level, UNDP programmes related to energy between 1991 and early 2005 amounted to US $ 1.2 billion. If you add to this amount the parallel financing provided to UNDP by the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) for sustainable energy and climate change activities, and by host governments and partners, the total amount increases to almost US 2 billion.
These funds have been used to:
§ Promote energy conservation
§ Adopt renewable energy technologies
§ Develop sustainable transport systems
§ Make available low-carbon energy technology, and
§ Support national greenhouse inventories and emission reduction strategies.
In Turkey, UNDP has worked as a close partner to numerous national and international institutions to find practical solutions to Turkey’s development challenges. Within the scope of developing Local Strategies for Environment and Sustainable Development, we are supporting local communities and grassroots organizations for their conservation and sustainable management of natural resources. The Local Agenda 21 Program of Turkey has been catalytic to engage local communities’ participation in development processes to respond to local development needs including sustainable environment management.
UNDP in Turkey is also promoting the use of Sustainable Energy resources as an alternative to conventional heating methods particularly in farming practices. For example, a project piloted in eastern Turkey, where the climate conditions are extremely harsh, has demonstrated the use of geothermal energy as a source for heating greenhouses.
UNDP has been managing the GEF – Small Grants Programme since 1993 in Turkey. Through this program, 115 projects received funding for conservation of biodiversity, international waters and renewable energy such as biogas. I am pleased to announce that after Turkey’s ratification of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change on 24 May 2004. The UNDP through GEF funds, supported Turkey in preparing its first National Communication to the United Nations Convention to the Climate Change.
As a part of our long term cooperation with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, UNDP has been a major player during the preparations for the World Summit on Sustainable Development, convened in Johannesburg in 2002, which was followed by the implementation of the EU funded project on the ‘Integration of Sustainable Development into Sectoral Policies’. Through this project, UNDP in partnership with the State Planning Organization, provides technical, organizational and financial support to the establishment and operation of country level participatory mechanisms for the preparation of the National Report on Sustainable Development. During this process, the focus has been on energy, agriculture, urbanization, science and technology.
As you know, the workshop is intended to identify concrete actions for the design of an enabling regulatory environment and the development of an action/implementation/investment plan for the expansion of LPG markets into rural and peri urban areas. I hope that the workshop has provided an excellent opportunity to strengthen the integration of policies for environmental management and sustainable development with other sectoral development practices. Furthermore, potential collaboration in this energy sector will enable Turkey both to be more actively involved in global efforts for preserving the global environment and create a substantial input for the ongoing efforts related to the accession to the European Union. Therefore, UNDP appreciates and welcomes the long-lasting efforts of the Turkish government and all stakeholders for achieving a more favorable condition in addressing clean energy implementation alternatives which will help to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and therefore, the climate change issues in Turkey.
The LP GAS RURAL ENERGY CHALLENGE WORKSHOP, in this regard, has been a definite and significant result of the successful collaboration of UNDP with Turkish stakeholders, and the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, being the leading partner. We see this Workshop as a means to develop a road map for Turkey in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals together with the active contributions of all stakeholders.
Within this frame, it gives me great pleasure to confirm that UNDP will continue to provide its expertise and share its experience in other countries both in the technical aspects like the preparation of new national partnership projects that focus on mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions as well as adaptation to adverse effects of global warming and climate change.
Let me conclude by expressing my sincere wish that this fruitful cooperation with the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, World and Turkish LPG Associations will be recognized as another step in our future partnerships.