İklim Değişikliği Türkiye Birinci Ulusal Bildirim Açılışı


Opening Speech by

Mr. Mahmood A. Ayub

UNDP Resident Representative


Honourable Minister Osman Pepe, distinguished guests:

It gives me great pleasure to be here today with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and all other partners, to launch the final outcome of the GEF project, which is Turkey’s First National Report on Climate Change. I am delighted that the project, funded by the Global Environment Facility, received support from very dedicated multi-disciplinary stakeholders and was concluded successfully.

Climate Change affects every aspect of life with ecological, economic and health dimensions. It involves all sectors, indeed each one of us.  That is why the Ministry of Environment and UNDP have not limited this process to the main drivers of the climate change, such as energy, industry and waste sectors. The main actors -- the Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Energy, Transport, Agriculture, Health, Education, Public Works and Settlement, State Planning Organization and State Statistical Institute -- have naturally all combined their efforts in a multi-disciplinary approach. However, apart from the involved Ministries, we cooperated with over 20 institutions and more than 100 academics and experts to prepare this report. All the research and analysis, contingency studies and gathering of the report took us more than a year.

Turkey, a middle- income country, which was ranked 94th among 177 countries in UNDP’s Human Development Index last year, is in fact listed below the world average level with respect to the ratio of greenhouse gas emissions per capita. With this in mind, we examined Turkey’s “common but differentiated responsibilities” with the main goal of finding ‘Special Circumstances’ of the country regarding its stance on the Climate Change issue.

The macro-economic analysis underlying the climatic dimension highlighted the argument that Turkey should take part in this platform in respect to its emission contribution on the basis of equity with other countries, in order to achieve global sustainable development goals. There is no doubt that Turkey is not among those countries which greatly contributed to the increasing rate of climate deterioration. However, it still needs to be aware of the global threat, including on cross-national borders and various sectors. 

This first climate change-specific project of Turkey related to its obligations regarding the International Framework Convention on Climate Change is very timely. It allows Turkey to join the rest of the world in its joint effort to prevent global warming.

As you know, all the signatories of the International Convention on Climate Change have been preparing National Communications since the Convention came into effect in 1994. The objective is to enable the governments to gather and share information on greenhouse gas emissions, national policies and best practices. This, in turn, allows the countries to launch national strategies for addressing greenhouse gas emissions and to respond effectively to impacts of climate change.

The preparation of Turkey’s Initial Communication on Climate Change has also provided a good opportunity for the involved parties in Turkey, such as policy makers, businesses and civil society organizations, to facilitate capacity building and knowledge management.

To better understand the trends in Turkey’s climate, we conducted several regional climate scenarios and case studies. The results of the studies call for immediate action to Climate Change as a worldwide problem. By 2050, the temperature throughout  the country is predicted to increase by 2 °C. The long-term projected temperature changes further indicate an increase of 6 °C by the year 2100 in the Aegean region of the country.

In this process, careful water management will play an important role since the predicted temperature increases and water demand by crops will also increase dramatically in addition to existing water scarcity problems. Access to water will get more competitive among the agriculture, textile and tourism industries.

With this empirical evidence in hand, Turkey is in a position to apply for adaptation funds from the Global Environment Facility. So I strongly encourage the Turkish Government to apply for GEF adaptation funds. You can count on our full support for this request.

This National Report is just the first one of many regular reports to be prepared under the International Framework Convention on Climate Change. I believe that the analysis completed during the preparation of this first report will guide Turkey in its policy making process, with a view to help slow down the climate change and re-stabilise the climate. Such work would also enhance Turkey’s  capacity  to adapt to climate changes.

Let me conclude by assuring the Turkish Government of our continued cooperation in its endeavours to achieve the preservation of natural resources in parallel with the sustainable development goals.

Thank you.




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