Turkey ranks 71st by Human Development Index

Mar 21, 2017

Turkey’s Human Development Index (HDI) value for 2015 is 0.767— which put the country in the high human development category— positioning it at 71 out of 188 countries and territories.

In the 2015 Report, Turkey had an HDI of 0.761, ranked 72nd among 188 countries and territories. The 2016 Report places Turkey at 71st rank with 0.767 among 188 countries and territories. The rank is shared with Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of).

Between 1990 and 2015, Turkey’s HDI value increased from 0.576 to 0.767, an increase of 33.2 percent.

In the same period, Turkey’s life expectancy at birth increased by 11.2 years, mean years of schooling increased by 3.4 years and expected years of schooling increased by 5.7 years.

Turkey’s GNI per capita increased by 78.2 percent between 1990 and 2015.

Comparison to European and Central Asian countries

Turkey’s 2015 HDI of 0.767 is above the average of 0.746 for countries in the high human development group and above the average of 0.756 for countries in Europe and Central Asia.

Adjusted for inequalities, Turkey’s HDI diminishes by 15.8 percent

Turkey’s HDI for 2015 is 0.767. However, when the value is discounted for inequality, the HDI falls to 0.645, a loss of 15.8 percent due to inequality in the distribution of the HDI dimension indices.

Azerbaijan and Serbia show losses due to inequality of 13.2 percent and 11.2 percent respectively. The average loss due to inequality for high HDI countries is 20.0 percent and for Europe and Central Asia it is 12.7 percent. The Human inequality coefficient for Turkey is equal to 15.8 percent.

The Gender Development Index (GDI) is calculated for 161 countries in the 2015 HDR. The female HDI value for Turkey is 0.724 in contrast with 0.797 for males, resulting in a GDI value of 0.908, which places the country into Group 4 with Azerbaijan and Serbia.

Turkey has a Gender Inequality Index (GII) value of 0.328, ranking it 69 out of 159 countries in the 2015 index. In Turkey, 14.9 percent of parliamentary seats are held by women, and 43.5 percent of adult women have reached at least a secondary level of education compared to 64.8 percent of their male counterparts.

For every 100,000 live births, 16 women die from pregnancy related causes; and the adolescent birth rate is 27.6 births per 1,000 women of ages 15-19.

Female participation in the labor market is 30.4 percent compared to 71.4 for men.

Human Development Report 2016 themes around “universalism”

The 2016 Human Development Report is the latest in the series of global Human Development Reports published by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) since 1990 as independent, analytically and empirically grounded discussions of major development issues, trends and policies.

It is not by chance but by choice that world leaders in 2015 committed to a development journey that leaves no one out – a central premise of the 2030 Agenda. Mirroring that universal aspiration, the 2016 Human Development Report is devoted to the theme of human development for everyone.

The Report raises two fundamental questions: who has been left out in progress in human development and how and why did that happen.

The barriers to universalism include, among others, deprivations and inequalities, discrimination and exclusion, social norms and values, and prejudice and intolerance.

To ensure human development for everyone, the Report asserts that merely identifying the nature of and the reasons for the deprivation of those left out is not enough; and points out that national policies need to be complemented by actions at the global level.

HDR complements the 2030 Agenda by sharing the principle of universalism and by concentrating on such fundamental areas as eliminating extreme poverty, ending hunger and highlighting the core issue of sustainability.


Human development relates not only to fostering the richness of economies, but also to the enrichment of human lives. This approach focuses on human beings and on the choices and opportunities provided. Human Development Reports employs such approach in analyzing some of the most pressing challenges faced in ensuring sustainable development.

For more information: http://hdr.undp.org/en





Faik Uyanık

Communications Coordinator


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Ömer Kavuk

Communications Assistant


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