2013 Human Development Report Launched in Mexico

14 Mar 2013

The 2013 Human Development Report, titled "The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World", was launched on 14 March in Mexico City by President Enrique Peña Nieto of Mexico and UNDP Administrator Helen Clark.

The 2013 Human Development Report identifies more than 40 developing countries, including Turkey, with human development gains that significantly outpaced global norms in recent decades.

The Rise of the South and Human Development

“Never in the history have the living conditions and prospects of so many people changed so dramatically and so fast” The 2013 Report says. “The South as a whole is driving global economic growth and societal change for the first time in centuries.”

UNDP Administrator Helen Clark states in the foreword of the Report that “The 2013 Report makes a significant contribution to development thinking by describing specific drivers of development transformation and by suggesting future policy priorities that could help sustain such momentum.”

Norway at top, Niger last

Norway, Australia and the United States lead the rankings of 187 countries and territories in the latest Human Development Index (HDI), while conflict-torn Democratic Republic of the Congo and drought-stricken Niger have the lowest scores in the HDI’s measurement of national achievement in health, education and income.

Turkey in 2013 Human Development Report

Turkey’s HDI value for 2012 is 0.722—in the high human development category—positioning the country at 90 out of 187 countries and territories.
In the 2011 HDR, Turkey was ranked 92 out of 187 countries.

However, it is misleading to compare values and rankings with those of previously published reports, because the underlying data and methods have changed.

Between 1980 and 2012, Turkey’s HDI value increased from 0.474 to 0.722, an increase of 52 percent or average annual increase of about 1.3 percent.

Comparison between Turkey and EU and OECD countries

Turkey’s HDI value which is 0.722 is below the average HDI value of EU member states which is 0.864.

In addition, Turkey is also the lowest-ranking country among OECD countries with the average HDI of 0.881.

Turkey’s HDI value is below all the HDI values of European Union countries. Countries which are close to Turkey in HDI rank are Bulgaria (0.782) and Romania (0.786) which have HDIs ranked 57 and 56.

Turkish Minister of Development Cevdet Yılmaz writes in the report how Turkey strengthened health, education and social support programs as a strategy to reduce poverty.

Yılmaz states that “Key policy changes include systematic strengthening of social assistance programmes, conditional cash transfers, social security reforms and an ambitious transformation of the national public health system.”

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You may find further details about the Human Development Report and the other indices featured in the report, including Inequality-adjusted HDI, Gender Inequality Index and Multidimensional Poverty Index on https://www.dropbox.com/sh/2l5q0cnf9h0ty79/hzpVNyTlw2.