Turkey ranks 90th in Human Development Index

15 Mar 2013

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Turkey’s HDI value for 2012 is 0.722—in the high human development category—positioning the country at 90 out of 187 countries and territories. 

New Horizons - Between 1980 and 2012, Turkey’s HDI value increased from 0.474 to 0.722, an increase of 52 percent or average annual increase of about 1.3 percent.

The rank of Turkey’s HDI for 2011 based on data available in 2012 and methods used in 2012 was– 90 out of 187 countries.

In the 2011 HDR, Turkey was ranked 92 out of 187 countries.

However, it is misleading to compare values and rankings with those of previously published reports, because the underlying data and methods have changed.

Life expectancy at birth increased in Turkey by 17.7 years

Between 1980 and 2012, Turkey’s life expectancy at birth increased by 17.7 years, mean years of schooling increased by 3.6 years

Expected years of schooling increased by 5.5 years. Turkey’s GNI per capita increased by about 133 percent between 1980 and 2012.

Comparison with OECD and EU

Turkey’s HDI value which is 0.722 is below the average HDI value of EU member states which is 0.864.

In addition, Turkey is also the lowest-ranking country among OECD countries with the average HDI of 0.881.

Turkey’s HDI value is below all the HDI values of European Union countries. Countries which are close to Turkey in HDI rank are Bulgaria (0.782) and Romania (0.786) which have HDIs ranked 57 and 56.

Other indices in the Report

Turkey’s HDI for 2012 is 0.722. However, when the value is discounted for inequality, the HDI falls to 0.56, a loss of 22.5 percent due to inequality in the distribution of the dimension indices.

Gender Inequality Index, reflecting gender-based inequalities, is 0.366 for Turkey, ranking it 68 out of 148 countries in the 2012 index.

In Turkey, 14.2 percent of parliamentary seats are held by women, and 26.7 percent of adult women have reached a secondary or higher level of education compared to 42.4 percent of their male counterparts.

For every 100,000 live births, 20 women die from pregnancy related causes; and the adolescent fertility rate is 30.5 births per 1000 live births.

Female participation in the labour market is 28.1 percent compared to 71.4 for men.

Another index that is presented by 2013 Report is Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI).

MPI identifies multiple deprivations in the same households in education, health and standard of living.

The most recent survey data available for estimating MPI figures for Turkey were collected in 2003.

In Turkey 6.6 percent of the population lived in multidimensional poverty (the MPI ‘head count’) while an additional 7.3 percent were vulnerable to multiple deprivations.

The intensity of deprivation – that is, the average percentage of deprivation experienced by people living in multidimensional poverty – in Turkey was 42 percent.

You may find the graphs and tables on Turkey's rankings in these indices and Turkey's comparison with other countries in this link.

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