UN climate change conference agrees on future critical steps
Montreal hosted the 11th Annual United Nations Climate Change Conference from 28 November to 9 December 2005. The conference closed with the adoption of more than forty decisions that will strengthen global efforts to fight climate change.
New Horizons - Reflecting on the success of Montreal 2005, the Conference President and Canadian Environment Minister Stéphane Dion said: "Key decisions have been made in several areas. The Kyoto
Protocol has been switched on, a dialogue about the future action has begun, and parties have moved forward work on adaptation and advanced the implementation of the regular work programme of the Convention and of the Protocol."
Richard Kinley, acting head of the United Nations Climate Change Secretariat said: "This has been one of the most productive UN Climate Change Conferences ever. Our success in implementing the Kyoto Protocol, improving the Convention and Kyoto, and innovating for tomorrow led to an agreement on a variety of issues. This plan sets the course for future action on climate change."
Key decisions were made that outline the path to future international action on climate change. Under the Kyoto Protocol, the process for future commitments beyond 2012 got underway. A new working group was established to discuss future commitments for developed countries for the period after 2012. It will start work in May next year.
During the first week of the conference, the rulebook of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol was adopted, the so-called 'Marrakesh accords'. Richard Kinley called this "an historic step", which had set the framework for implementation of the Protocol.
"There is now certainty for a sustained and effective global carbon market. One of the main successes was the strengthening of the clean development mechanism. Under this unique mechanism, developed countries can invest in sustainable development projects in developing countries, helping the developing nations to improve the quality of life for their citizens while also allowing developed nations to earn emission allowances", Kinley said.