What are Millenium Development Goals?
At the Millennium Summit in September 2000, world leaders agreed on an ambitious agenda. In addition to declaring their support for freedom, democracy and human rights, they set eight goals ("Millennium Development Goals-MDGs") for development and poverty eradication, to be achieved by the year 2015:
- Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
- Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
- Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
- Goal 5: Improve maternal health
- Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases.
- Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
- Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
Building upon the successes of many local level sustainable development initiatives in the past decade, the global community recognized that the progress towards the MDGs will be determined first and foremost by progress at the local level and local actors will need national and global support to develop the capacities they need to make them happen.
In recent years, the Government of Turkey has started to lay an increasing emphasis on the MDGs. An encouraging and significant development in this respect has been the formation under the coordination of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of a special Task Force on MDGs to prepare the National Report of Turkey to be submitted to the UN World Summit entitled "MDGs+5" that was held in September 2005 in New York. In conjunction with this initiative, a Report outlining the status and progress in Turkey in relation to the MDGs, prepared under the coordination of the State Planning Organization, was presented to the public in June 2005 via a joint press conference by the respective Minister of State and the UN Resident Coordinator for Turkey. There is thus an apparent interest and commitment on the side of the Government towards the MDGs.
Coupled with its global mandate in relation to the MDGs, the UNDP continues to provide increasing and multi-faceted support to the Government of Turkey in the promotion and addressing of the MDGs at national level. Further, UNDP globally recognizes the importance of localizing MDGs as a means to make the targets as relevant and visible at the local/community level as possible. In Turkey, this issue of localizing the MDGs is important in the context of government's report on MDGs which highlights regional and gender disparities. (For the National MDG report, click here)
The preparations for a new project aiming at localizing the MDGs in Turkey via campaigns and promoting local governance networks, mostly through Local Agenda 21 members, have started in late 2005 and expected to bear fruits in 2006.
For more information on the MDGs: undp.org/MDGs