Syria Crisis and Resilience Response


What is the Programme about?

In order to support Syrians, host communities and municipalities to better cope with and recover from the impact of displacement, UNDP promotes a resilience based development approach, complementing the humanitarian response by developing the “Syria Crisis Response and Resilience Programme”.

The main objective of the Programme is to help increase self-reliance of Syrian population and to strengthen the resilience and capacities of host communities and public service providers to cope with and to recover from the impact of forced displacement.

The Programme builds on UNDP’s vast experience in the areas of inclusive and sustainable growth, inclusive democratic governance, rule of law and social cohesion in Turkey, as well as its longstanding partnerships with GAP Regional Development Administration and its local stakeholders in Southeast Anatolia Region.


What has been the situation?

Turkey currently hosts the highest number of refugees in the world, including over 3,4 million registered Syrians. More than 90 per cent of the Syrian refugees live outside formal camps, within

host communities. This has significantly affected the national and local labor markets, created additional demand on municipal services and increased risk of social tensions within communities. Syrian refugees are mainly located in the Southeast Anatolia region bordering Syria, but as the crisis has continued, the population has expanded to other regions as well. Turkey has provided exemplary support to Syrian refugees, amongst others, by providing them with “temporary protection” status, which with the adoption of relevant legislation, affords them access to basic services including health and education and the right to work.


What is our mission?

The objective of UNDP Turkey’s support in response to the refugee crisis is to strengthen the resilience of refugees, host community members, municipalities and relevant national institutions to cope with and recover from the impact of the large influx of Syrian refugees. The key aspect of UNDP’s resilience response strategy is to invest in existing national and local systems to ensure they can adequately serve both host and refugee communities.


How are we doing this?

The Programme focusses on three major areas:

1. Livelihoods, Employment and Local Economic Development: a) Improving livelihoods opportunities through interventions addressing both the labor market supply and demand side; and b) strengthening the capacities of local service providers and relevant stakeholders in the areas of employment and local economic development.

2. Basic Needs and Essential Services: a) Supporting municipalities for increased capacities of efficient and quality urban waste management for affected communities through infrastructure support b) providing technical and capacity building to municipalities for efficient and quality infrastructure investment and municipal service delivery.

3. Social Cohesion, Empowerment and Protection: a) Promoting social cohesion amongst refugees and members of host communities; b) social and economic empowerment of women and other vulnerable groups; c) protection of Syrian refugees with supporting access to legal aid and justice, including refugees affected by sexual and gender based violence (SGBV)


How do Turkey benefit?

UNDP Turkey's intervention is in line with the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) for the Syrian crisis. UNDP Turkey coordinating with countries hosting Syrian refugees such as Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq and Egypt at regional level and cooperates with UNHCR and other partners. UNDP supports a resilience-based development response aimed at helping individuals, communities and institutions to cope with the influences of the mass Syrian refugee influx and to sustain their own development gains. UNDP, in addition to regional resilience intervention to the Syrian crisis in general, pioneers in the area of resilience within the scope of 3RP and provides coordination of actions in Turkey.

Syria Crisis Response and Resilience Programme in Turkey is funded so far by several donors, including the Government of Japan, the European Union, the United States, Kuwait and Germany (KfW). The overall Programme includes 5 projects, named as “Mitigating the Impact of Syrian Crisis in Southeast Anatolia”, “Effective Urban Waste Management”, “Support to Adaptation of Syrian Women Living in Southeast Anatolia to Social and Economic Life”, “Employment and Skills Development Programme” and “Strengthening Social Stability in Southeast Anatolia”.

Livelihoods, Employment and Local Economic Development: The vocational training centers (e.g. Vocational Training Center of Gaziantep Chamber of Industry) that are fully furnished and operational with the support of UNDP is a solid investment that has been contributing significantly to the employability of both communities over years. Moreover, the trainings that have been structured in collaboration with various project partners will continue to help skills development of the Syrian and Turkish trainees to access to increased employment opportunities. Trainings on Turkish language skills along with basic life skills are also key components in eliminating barriers in access to decent jobs and play a key role in promoting social cohesion between Syrians and host communities.

As a result of UNDP’s support under the overall Syria Response Programme so far:

·         8.560 Syrians and Host community members have been benefitted from life skills trainings.

·         3.189 Syrians and 1.132 Host community members were provided vocational trainings and education.

·         45% of the total number of trainees were women.

·         634 Syrians and Host community members were placed to jobs and found jobs after vocational trainings.

·         2.241 Syrians completed Turkish language courses.

·         470.120 Syrians and Host community members benefitted from strengthened municipal services.

Basic Needs and Essential Services: In terms of basic needs and municipal service delivery, an important part of the Syria Crisis Response and Resilience Programme is dedicated to providing support to municipalities currently hosting large numbers of Syrian refugees at Southeast Anatolia Region. With focus on municipal solid waste management; Syria Crisis Response and Resilience Programme has implemented critical interventions to mitigate the burden on the local municipalities by the construction of solid waste transfer stations, implementing source segregation programs for recycling at temporary accommodation centers for Syrians and provision of urgently needed vehicles and equipment to 4 municipalities for the delivery of essential municipal services. While the major results were reduction of landfilled waste and increased public health benefits, these interventions have already helped municipalities to obtain financial savings as per their solid waste management operations with taking initial steps for transition into integrated waste management.

As part of the municipal service delivery support:

·         Two waste transfer stations have already been completed and three of them will be completed within 2017.

·          Municipal capacities in Gaziantep, Sanliurfa, Kilis and Hatay have been strengthened with provision of 59 vehicles for different purposes such as solid waste semi-trailers, compactor trucks and fire fighting vehicles.

·         The source segregation programme has been carried out in 6 different accommodation centers in two provinces outreaching directly and indirectly more than 100.000 individuals.

·         470,120 Syrians and host community members have benefitted from strengthened municipal services through solid waste management support.

·         5,500 Syrians and host community members have completed trainings on recycling and environmental protection.

·         179,783 tons of solid waste transportation have been facilitated to help mitigate excessive pressure on municipal services.


Social Cohesion, Empowerment and Protection: Another component of the Programme include support to social cohesion and improved access to legal aid.

70 activities for women in 14 multi-purpose community centers were conducted 2,893 Syrian women reached out through empowerment and social inclusion activities. 2,256 women of host community members reached out through these empowerment and social cohesion activities and these centers have been supported with equipment.

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