Mitigating the Impact of Syrian Crisis on Southeast Anatolia Region

What is the project about?

The project targets towns bordering with Syria; Gaziantep and Sanliurfa, where a high concentration of Syrian refugees reside. These areas are highly impacted by the sudden influx of the Syrian refugees, especially in the management of waste disposal, which was not equipped to accommodate additional needs created by the refugees, and where there is a need for increased income opportunities and livelihoods for the these communities.

The project will strengthen the service delivery capacity of the local authorities (such as Gaziantep Metropolitan Municipality (GBB) and Şanlıurfa Metropolitan Municipality (ŞBB))

1) Capacity building for local and municipal service delivery on waste management and recovery;

2) Livelihood development interventions (primary training) to increase employability of impacted communities including the Syrians under temporary protection. 

What has been the situation?

The local resources has been stretched with long lasting population increase due to refugee flow as well as resources that refugees brought with themselves has come to an end as the crisis prolonged. Hence, the necessity for support increased over time for both refugees and local institutions. Supporting local institutions will not only increase quality of the service delivery for local and refugee community, it will also decrease the chance for social tension after 4th year of crisis. Hence, UNDP project aims to respond to mentioned problems.

What is our mission?

Our mission targets two goals related to livelihood and municipal services.

Firstly, through vocational trainings for industry and service sector, we aim to assist refugees to increase their skills, which will end up enhancement in their employability. Hence, their livelihood will be improved wherever they live in the short and long run.

Secondly, through waste component, stretched governmental resources will be supported, capacity for local government will be enhanced, and both refugee and local community will benefit from better service delivery.  

How are we doing this?

The livelihood development program will be implemented in Gaziantep, where the highest numbers of Syrian refugees are, as the area has been impacted by increased demand of local service delivery systems and has the highest potential for economic development. The local partners are Gaziantep Metropolitan Municipality (GBB) for the service sectors trainings and Gaziantep Chamber of Industry (GSO) for the industrial sectors training.

With the help of project, improved opportunities and employment services will be provided for strengthened livelihoods of impacted communities at the local level. Full-scale set-up of Centers for employment support/vocational training addresses industry and service sectors, respectively;

  • Industrial Sectors Vocational Training and Skills Building Center
  • Service Sector Vocational Training and Incubation Centers

The project aims to train:

1) 3,000 Syrians under temporary protection to receive basic life skills and language training,

2) 600 Syrians in industrial sectors (of which 250 are expected to be placed in local industry, pending the adoption and implementation of the regulation on work permits) and;

3) 1,200 Syrians in service sectors (such as welding, knitting, bakery, cook, child nutrition, IT system maintenance etc) of which 180 will be placed in local services sector (pending on the regulations above).

The Municipal capacity building project will be implemented in the four areas as there are problems with waste disposal sites and the municipality’s capacity to deliver the waste to the designated site and/or with capacity of the site to accommodate an increased volume of waste generated by the sudden increase in population. The second phase of the project will strengthen the service delivery capacity of the local authorities (such as Şanlıurfa Metropolitan Municipality (ŞBB). Main components of the project are as follows;

  • Solid Waste Transfer station and Strengthened Municipal Capacity in Şanlıurfa Province,
  • Source Separation of Solid Waste in Harran, Akçakale, Viranşehir and Ceylanpınar camps and Strengthened Municipal Capacity in Şanlıurfa ,
  • Design, set up and implementation of models that help reduce waste generation in the camps and strengthen municipal capacities for waste management/Integrated Solid Waste Management Action Plan

How will Turkey benefit?

With the Syrian Refugee Crisis, Turkey has developed its relief intervention capacity and invested substantially to extension of various services for refugee community. Through this project same goal will be supported and extension of vocational trainings for refugee community will be assisted. Moreover, stretched governmental services for waste will be supported. Hence, less governmental resources will be spent on these both issues which will improve lives of refugee and host community.

What we have accomplished so far?

1)  Capacity building for local and municipal service delivery on waste management and recovery;

  • Technical analysis conducted in consultation with camp management and municipality for the identification of local waste management operation and identifying in detail the necessary requirements for upgrades;
  • Quantitative and qualitative analysis of waste streams raised from accommodation centers in the province completed;
  • Identification of the locations of the waste transfer stations completed in consultation with the local authorities and municipalities, with a view to ensure the most strategic location, serving for the camps and non-camp residents;
  • Design of the waste transfer stations are ongoing, one in Şanlıurfa, in line with the conducted detailed assessments,
  • Procurement of the equipment/vehicles that are needed for increasing the capacities of municipalities completed. Vehicles will be delivered to the municipalities in mid-december.

- 3 truck-trailers and 3 semi-trailers for Şanlıurfa Metropolitan Municipality


2) Livelihood development interventions (primary training) to increase employability of impacted communities including the Syrians under temporary protection

  • Review of existing assessments in similar nature conducted by other institutions operating nationally and/or locally completed
  • Modules of the trainings to be held in training centers of GBB and GSO determined.
  • Procurement of the supply, equipment and the machinery required for the five training centers determined by GBB, and Vocational Training Complex of GSO ongoing.
  • Development of the Business Model and Business Plan of the Centre in cooperation with Gaziantep Chamber of Industry ongoing

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