Support for the Preparation of the Turkey's First Biennial Report (FBR) to UNFCCC

What is the project about?



The objective of the project is to assist the Republic of Turkey in implementation of obligations under UNFCCC by preparation of FBR. The Project also aims to cover the gaps that are identified during the UNFCCC In-Country Review of the National Communication, to initiate the preparation of mitigation action concepts and enhance national capacities in Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) and sectoral assessments.

What has been the situation?

Turkey, being a member of OECD, was listed in Annex-I and also Annex-II of the UNFCCC together with the developed countries. Along with supporting the aim and general principle of the UNFCCC, Turkey didn’t ratify the UNFCCC because of her unfair position and she has combated to change it for a long time. Following the decision 26/CP.7 adopted at the 7th Conference of Parties (COP.7) of the UNFCCC held in Marrakech in 2001 which “recognized the special conditions of Turkey and accepted that Turkey remains an Annex I Party of the UNFCCC, in a position that is different to that of other Annex I countries and Turkey will be removed from Annex II”, Turkey became a party to the UNFCCC on May 24th, 2004. As an Annex I country, Turkey should submit national reports (National Communications, National Inventory Reports and Biennial Reports) on implementation of the Convention to the Conference of the Parties (COP). Within the framework of its commitments under the UNFCCC, Turkey submitted its First National Communication as the first official document, in 2007. Turkish Government ratified the Kyoto Protocol at its Grand National Assembly on February 5th, 2009 and officially acceded to the Protocol on August 26th, 2009. Turkey is a non-Annex-B country under the Kyoto Protocol and has no mitigation or limitation commitment in the First (2008-2012) and Second (2013-2020) Commitment Period of the Kyoto Protocol. Within the framework of its commitments under the UNFCCC, Turkey submitted its Fifth National Communication in 2013.

Turkey’s National Climate Change Strategy was approved by the Republic of Turkey Prime Ministry Higher Planning Council on May 3rd, 2010 as a road map to combat with climate change. In order to ensure the implementation of the National Climate Change Strategy, the National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) including strategic principles and goals on GHG control and adaptation to climate change for the period of 2011-2023 was prepared. The primary objective of Turkey within the scope of global fight against climate change is to take part in the global efforts for preventing climate change, which is a common concern of mankind, determined with common mind, in cooperation with the international parties and in the light of objective and scientific evidence; in accordance with the sustainable development policies, and within the framework of the principle of “shared but differentiated responsibilities” and Turkey’s special circumstances. As a party to the UNFCCC, Turkey attaches importance to the implementation of measures and policies to mitigate GHG emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. Turkey is committed to contributing constructively and meaningfully to the post-2020 climate change regime, however Turkey needs financial and technology support to improve its efforts to contribute to the global efforts.

Following the provisions of the UNFCCC Decision 2/CP.17, Developed Country Parties are requested to submit their Biennial Reports (BR) to the Secretariat either as an annex to the National Communication (NC) or as a separate report. The UNFCCC Decision 19/CP.18, adopted the Common Tabular Format (CTF) for the “UNFCCC Biennial Reporting Guidelines for Developed Country Parties”, noting that Developed Country Parties, in accordance with UNFCCC Decision 2/CP.17, shall use the reporting guidelines for the preparation of their BRs and will provide information on all the elements of the guidelines in these reports.

Main objective of the BRs is

  • to enhance reporting of Annex I Parties on progress in achieving emission reductions and on the provision of financial, technology and capacity-building support to Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention (non-Annex I Parties), building on existing reporting and review guidelines, processes and experiences
  • to ensure the provision of consistent, transparent, comparable, accurate and complete information by developed country Parties
  • to facilitate the international assessment of emissions and removals related to progress towards the achievement of the quantified economy-wide emission reduction targets
  • to facilitate reporting by Annex I Parties of information on any economic and social consequences of response measures.

In the context of BRs, the Parties included in Annex I to the Convention are required to report

  • Information on greenhouse gas emissions and trends
  • Quantified economy-wide emission reduction target
  • Progress in achievement of the quantified economy-wide emission reduction target: information on mitigation actions and their effects
  • Projections under ‘with measures’,  ‘without measures’ and ‘with additional measures’ scenarios
  • Provision of financial, technological and capacity-building support to developing countries

What is our mission?

The main objective of the Project is to assist the Republic of Turkey in implementation of obligations under UNFCCC by preparation of First Biennial Report.

How are we doing this?

The project will prepare Turkey's First Biennial Report by delivering the following outputs:

1. National circumstances reviewed and updated, institutional arrangements relevant to the preparation of the national communications and BR and level of support received to enable the preparation of the BR described.

2. National GHG Inventory for 2012 is reviewed and elaborated in line with BR requirements.

3. Mitigation actions and their effects, including associated methodologies and assumptions, and progress of implementation are described as per the guidelines.

4. Financial, technology and capacity building needs and support received described.

5. Domestic Measurement, Reporting and Verification arrangements are supported.

6. Information is compiled and consolidated in tabular format and the First Biennial Report is published.

7. Monitoring, reporting, and preparing of financial audits are carried out.

In addition, public awareness activities and stakeholder consultations will be cross-cutting along the overall course of this exercise therefore, the preparation of the First Biennial Report is expected to enhance general awareness and knowledge on reporting requirements of UNFCCC for Turkey and help in to taking into account in the process of national planning and policy. This project will also cover the gaps that are identified during the UNFCCC In-Country Review of the Fifth National Communication.

How will Turkey benefit?

The preparation of the First Biennial Report will further strengthen national capacities for technical reporting in line with BR guidelines, initiate the preparation of several NAMA concepts and enhance national capacities in MRV and sectoral assessments as well.

What we have accomplished so far?


  • Kick Off meeting organized 
  • Inception Workshop organized
  • First Steering Committee Meeting organized
  • Consultation meetings with all releveant stakeholders completed
  • Project Document reviewed 
  • Inception Report prepared and approved by the Steering Committee Members
  • Electronic Portal for Biennial Reporting developed
  • Support provided for strengthening national arrangements and raising awareness to enable the preparation of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) via the International Climate                  Change Negotiations and INDCs Meeting
  • Support provided for the drafting of the project proposals to be submitted to the international financial resources
  • National circumstances and institutional arrangements relevant to the preparation of the national communications and biennial reports described
  • List of recommendations to strengthen data collection process, institutional coordination and collaboration, reporting and quality of the inventories prepared
  • National GHG Inventory for 2013 reviewed and elaborated in line with BR requirements
  • A study on financial, technological and capacity needs and constraints related to climate change as well as on international and national resources allocated for climate change with their associated effectiveness performed using a participatory approach
  • Updated information on finance, technology transfer and capacity building support received and provided through bilateral and multilateral resources for activities related to climate change prepared
  • Information compiled and consolidated in tabular format and Turkey's Joint First and Second Biennial Report published
  • Turkey's Joint First and Second Biennial Report submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat as of January 2016
  • Technical and logistical support provided to Turkish Delegation during Paris Climate Change Conference, 21st Session of Conference of Parties to the UNFCCC (CoP21)

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