PIMS 3697: Strengthening Protected Area Network of Turkey: Catalyzing Sustainability of Marine and Coastal Protected Areas

What is the project about?


The project aims to facilitate expansion of the national system of marine and coastal protected areas and improve its management effectiveness. Responsible institutions will have the capacities and internal structure needed for prioritizing the establishment of new MCPAs and for more effectively managing existing MCPAs. MCPA financial planning and management systems developed and implemented will be facilitating effective business planning, adequate levels of revenue generation and cost-effective management. Inter-agency coordination mechanisms will be in place to regulate and manage economic activities within multiple use areas of the MCPAs. Under this, inter-agency co-ordination will be encouraged at national and site levels.

What is the situation?

The global importance of Turkish biodiversity is exemplified by the fact that three ecoregions, two terrestrial (Caucasus and Mediterranean) and one marine (Mediterranean), are classified as Global 200 Ecoregions - considered by WWF as the most important ecoregions on earth in terms of their conservation values. Turkey’s land area consists almost entirely of two Peninsulas – the Anatolian Peninsula and the Thrace Peninsula. As such, the country has a relatively long coastline (8,500 km - excluding islands) bordering several seas – the Mediterranean, Aegean, Marmara and Black Seas. Within the coastal and marine areas bordering this lengthy coastline is found an abundant, highly diverse and globally significant biodiversity endowment. Overall, some 3,000 plant and animal species have been identified in Turkey’s territorial sea.

Turkey’s national protected area system includes a number of marine and coastal protected areas (MCPAs). In most cases, these combine terrestrial and marine coverage within a single protected area. An estimated 346,138 hectares of marine area is presently under legal protection within 31 Marine and Coastal Protected Areas. Currently, about 4% of Turkey's territorial waters is so protected. Special Environmental Protected Areas (SEPAs) are protected under a regulation relating to the Mediterranean Action Plan and focus on sea and coastal regions. Beginning with 1988s, SEPAs were identified and declared along the Mediterranean and Aegean Coasts, combined with terrestrial and marine coverage. The majority of Turkey’s MCPAs are managed by the General Directorate for  Protection of Natural Assets. Remaining MCPAs are also managed by the General Directorate for Nature Conservation and National Parks (GDNCNP) of the Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs, the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock and the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. These areas are all located within the coastal areas of the Aegean and Mediterranean Seas.

Turkey’s marine biodiversity has been seriously impacted by anthropogenic pressures. The following are amongst the key types of threats and associated causes of marine biodiversity loss; degradation of marine habitats and ecosystems, overharvesting of marine resources and destruction of coastal habitats. Protected areas have a potentially significant, yet largely unrealized, role to play in eliminating these threats to marine area biodiversity in Turkey.

Although Turkey has been active in establishing MCPAs to protect its marine biodiversity from the aforementioned threats, the size, shape and ecological representativeness of the MCPA network is inadequate. Therefore, a system of MCPA required to be established. Most of the MCPAs in Turkey are multiple use areas, and have not been specifically designed in terms of management arrangements to protect biodiversity or optimize ecosystem benefits (such as size and shape of biodiversity sensitive zones, temporal management systems).

What is UNDP’s mission?



The project aims to facilitate expansion of the national system of marine and coastal protected areas and improve its management effectiveness.

How are we doing this?

The General Directorate for Protection of Natural Assets as the executing agency working together with its partners in a coordinated manner, the project will achieve the following three outcomes.

Responsible institutions will have the capacities and internal structure needed for prioritizing the establishment of new MCPAs and for more effectively managing existing MCPAs.Under this, management of the marine component of Turkey’s protected area system will be strengthened and total coverage of marine areas will be increased. This will include strengthening and expansion of three essential components of the sub-system—SEPAs, National Parks and Fisheries Restricted Areas. A draft national strategy and action plan will be prepared for MPA expansion and strengthening.

MCPA financial planning and management systems developed and implemented will be facilitating effective business planning, adequate levels of revenue generation and cost-effective management. The project will introduce environmental economic principles into planning and management and support progress towards greater self funding of the General Directorate of Natural Assets Protection as well as introducing a range of new income-generating measures which have proven to be successful globally and that can be adapted to the situation in Turkey. Awareness and support for protected areas will be increased, e.g. among local resource user groups at SEPAs and decision-makers at local and provincial levels of government, in order to underpin any new arrangements being introduced. The sustainable financing strategies will be used for implementation of MPA expansion plan.

Inter-agency coordination mechanisms will be in place to regulate and manage economic activities within multiple use areas of the MCPAs. Under this, inter-agency co-ordination will be encouraged at national and site levels. At national level, inter-agency coordinating efforts will focus on co-ordination and harmonization of protected area expansion and management efforts. At local level, co-ordination will include the establishment of site-level working groups, together with demonstrations of practical methods of inter-agency co-operation aimed at removing barriers to the protection of marine biodiversity from both marine and land-based threats. On the marine side, these will include developing inter-agency approaches to regulating fishing, tourism, shipping and diving, while on the terrestrial side a planning approach will be utilized to help control multiple land-based threats.

How will Turkey benefit?

  • Contributions to the implementation of the Biological Diversity Convention Programme of Work on Protected Areas which Turkey has been a party will have been implemented.
  • The country’s system of Marine and Coastal Protected Areas will have been expanded by approximately 100,000 ha, or 44% as compared with baseline levels.
  • Fisheries Restricted Areas (FRAs) will have been established within at least two Marine and Coastal Protected Areas and the sustainability of fisheries management achievements will be increased through the extension of a system of FRAs.
  • The management capacities of local MCPA authorities will have been strengthened for effectively managing the existing Marine and Coastal Protected Areas.
  • The Systems for sustainable Marine and Coastal Protected Area financing will have been strengthened.
  • Inter-agency coordinating structures will have been strengthened.
  • The agencies and other stakeholders will have been enabled to effectively address both land-based and marine-based threats to marine biodiversity.
  • A national-level Marine and Coastal Protected Areas Strategy and Action Plan proposal will have been prepared.
  • The sustainability of the MCPA system will have been ensured.
  • The expected stream of positive, long-term impacts on marine biodiversity, and in particular those arising from a shift in current trends, is expected to be able to continue well beyond the Project’s completion.

PRESS CLIPPINGS

Project Overview
Focus area:
Environment and Sustainable Development
Project number:
00064042
Status:
Ongoing
Project start date:
May 2009
Estimated end date:
April 2014
Budget:
USD 6,220,000 (Total Budget)
Project funding:
Global Environment Facility (GEF)
Delivery in previous fiscal years:
N/A
Amount contributed per year by each project funder:
N/A
Location:
1. Fethiye-Göcek SEPA 2. Köyceğiz-Dalyan SEPA 3. Datça-Bozburun SEPA 4. Gökova SEPA 5. Foça SEPA 6. Ayvalık Adaları Nature Park
UN/National executing agencies:
The project is executed by the General Directorate for Protection of Natural Assets of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, in partnership with the General Directorate for Nature Conservation and National Parks (GDNCNP) of the Ministry of Forestry an Water Affairs, together with the General Directorate of Fisheries and Aquaculture of the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock
UN/National/NGO implementing partners:
The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Turkey is the implementing partner of the project
MDG 7:
Ensure environmental sustainability
Contact Details

Güner Ergün
Project Coordinator
Tel: +90 312 222 12 34/350
Email: g.ergun@csb.gov.tr

 

Dr. Harun Güçlüsoy
Project Manager
Tel: +90 312 222 12 34/342
Email: harun.guclusoy@undp.org

 

Gülden Atkın Gençoğlu
Project Associate
Tel: +90 312 222 12 34/341
Email: gulden.atkin@undp.org

 

Sibel Meriç
Project Expert
Tel: +90 312 222 12 34/216
Email: s.meric@csb.gov.tr

 

Levent Keskin
Project Expert
Tel: +90 312 222 12 34/321
Email: l.keskin@csb.gov.tr

 

Damla Baykal
Project Expert
Tel: +90 312 222 12 34/423
Email: d.baykal@csb.gov.tr

 

Kübra Ceviz
Project Logistic Support Expert
Tel: +90 312 222 12 34/344
Email: kubraceviz@gmail.com

 

Esra Kartal
Project Field Expert
Tel: +90 533 164 43 20
Email: esrakartal@hotmail.com

 

Özlem Katısöz
Project Field Expert
Tel: +90 533 164 43 21
Email: ozlemkatisoz@gmail.com

 

Derya Yıldırım
Project Field Expert
Tel: +90 533 164 43 22
Email: zderya.yildirim@gmail.com

Project Documents

Achievements of the project

New Horizons Podcasts - Sandbar sharks in the Aegean Sea

(in Turkish)

More podcasts
Download these Documents
  • Fethiye-Göcek Special Environmental Protection Area: Göcek-Dalaman Bays Boat Mooring System Operation Feasibility Analysis Turkish (Executive Summary in English)
  • Gökova Special Environmental Protection Area: Akçapınar Lagoon Dalyan Fishery Feasibility Analysis Turkish (Executive Summary in English)
  • Foça Special Environmental Protection Area: Sports Diving Tourism Feasibility Study Turkish (Executive Summary in English)
  • Final Report on the economic and social dimension of amateur fishing Turkish
  • The list of sustainable and environmentally friendly economic activities which could be maintained in the Special Environmental Protection Areas of the Aeagean shores of Turkey Turkish (Executive Summary in English)
  • Economic Analysis of Datça-Bozburun Special Environmental Protection Area English
  • Economic Analysis of Ayvalık Adaları Nature Park English
  • Economic Analysis of Köyceğiz-Dalyan Special Environmental Protection Area English
  • Economic Analysis of Fethiye-Göcek Special Environmental Protection Area English
  • Foça Special Environmental Protection Area Management Plan Report Turkish (Executive Summary in English)
  • Final Report on socio-economic analysis of fishery in Datça Bozburun peninsula Turkish (Executive Summary in English)
  • Material for Training on sustainable financing for Marine Protected Areas Turkish
  • Final report of the Workshop on identification of marine sensitive areas Turkish (Executive Summary in English)
  • Action Plan and regulation and infrastructure evaluation for preventing the pollution resulting from the ships in Fethiye -Göcek Special Environmental Area Turkish (Executive Summary in English)
  • Guideline on the integration of environmental economics and economical principles for the planning applications English-Turkish
  • Report on analyzing fishery and socio-economic studies in Gökova and Datça-Bozburun Special Environmental Areas Turkish (Executive Summary in English)
  • The economic analysis of Gokova Special Environmental Protection Area English
  • The economic analysis of Foca Special Environmental Protection Area English
  • The socio-economic overview and analyses of new income generation activities at Turkish Aegean English | Turkish