To develop a deeper understanding of the potential consequences of climate change on forest and water interactions, including desertification and biodiversity loss and review policies and strategies for sustainable forest management by integrating water functions to forest management plans for adapting to climate change and contributing to its mitigation.
With implementation of the project, function for water will be assessed and included into the forest management plan guidelines and relevant context, including Sustainable Forest Management Criteria and Indicators, to formulate a district level pilot forest management plan (Output 1). The pilot sites will be identified during the first phase of the project and will be submitted to the Project Steering Committee to prepare and implement the second phase of the project. Identification and designation of the pilot site to prepare the forest management plan in the second phase of the project is in jurisdiction of Project Steering Committee. Moreover, coordination for water function into the forest management plan and policies will be reviewed and recommendations developed (Output 2). Capacity at local, regional and central level will be strengthen focusing on current policies and strategies in the cross cutting areas of Sustainable Forest Management context such as water, climate change and disaster (Output 3).
UNDP CO and the General Directorate of Forestry (GDF) will undertake the activities below:
• Assess afforestation and reforestation programmes in terms of their effects on quality and quantity of water resources, flood alleviation and soil.
• Identify protective functions of forests for water and soil, as well as for mitigating local water-related natural disasters through sustainable forest management, including through public and private partnerships.
• Conduct stakeholders meetings to identify policy options for management of water ecosystem in the forest context that contribute to the maintenance of ecosystems and the sustainable provision of their services.
• Develop alternatives to improve the existing institutional arrangements to enhance SFM criteria on forest and water.
• Develop training materials and enhance education, training, research and extension services to promote knowledge and understanding of forest and water interactions.
• Increase awareness of the relationship between forests and water as well as the potential of forests and their sustainable management to improve the water ecosystem through discussion meeting with local authorities and other local stakeholders through brochures.
Once the project is implemented three main benefits will be delivered to the GDF. First, sustainable forest - water management principles and practices in the General Directorate of Forestry’s strategy, action plan and relevant policies will be mainstreamed and approved. Second, methods for restoration of degraded forests, particularly in floodplains and upper watershed areas for the benefit of the water environment, flood reduction, conservation of biodiversity and soil protection identified to increase adaptive capacity to climate change and contribute to its mitigation. Third, co-operation and share knowledge strengthened at local, regional and central level to exchange information on the complex interrelations and mutual influences of forests and water, how communities and organizations approach these topics and how these could be reflected in forest and water policies and identify national and international experts working with forests and water issues so that their knowledge and experiences are shared to further strengthen co-operation. Fourth, outputs of the project will enhance Turkey’s effectiveness in international and regional forestry platforms, and enable the experience and knowledge on forest and water interactions to share with other countries.