What is the situation in the world?
Photo: Salih Güler
Human existence depends on the services and natural resources that protected areas seek to maintain or enhance. Currently, only 14.6 per cent of the earth’s land areas are protected.
Lack of improved water and sanitation facilities is predominantly a rural and poverty-related phenomenon.
Deforestation decreases biodiversity, access to clean water and increases soil erosion and the release of carbon dioxide. It often amounts in the loss of major economic asset and of the livelihood opportunities for rural communities, indigenous peoples and women.
Despite these improvements made, the number of slum dwellers continues to grow, partly due to the fast pace of urbanization.
What is the situation in Turkey?
Photo: Deniz Dalak
Awareness of environmental issues has progressively increased in Turkey since the late 1980s.
Progress has been made in developing legislation regarding environmental problems and the institutionalization of approaches to problem solving.
Despite these positive developments however, there are deficiencies in the implementation of environmental management systems. Currently the environment-related portion of the Turkish legal structure is undergoing major revisions to incorporate the European Union directives, which will lead to an improvement in the environment in the long term.
Turkey however started to freeze the use of CFCs before most of the Article 5 countries of the Montreal Protocol, and received an outstanding achievement award from UNDP in 1997. As regards to safe drinking water, according to recent data, access to safe drinking has increased from 83.1% to 97.8% between 1994 and 2008.
Proportion of Terrestrial and marine protected areas was 5.05% in 2008 and CO2 emissions was 299,105 tonnes in 2009 according to TÜİK.
However Turkey still needs to integrate its environmental policies to its economic and social policies.