6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

What is the current situation in the world?

Photo: Sinan Targay, Galata Fotoğrafhanesi Fotoğraf Vakfı

Globally, the number of new HIV infections has declined between 2001 and 2012 by 44 per cent. Risky behavior and insufficient knowledge about HIV remain at alarmingly high levels among youth in some regions. Due to the high rate of children that lose one parent, or both, to AIDS, national programmes and global partners intensified their approach on the impact of AIDS on household, communities and children. Despite an increase in new opportunities for treatment and prevention of HIV, only 30 per cent of people living with HIV are covered.

There has been a rapid decline in AIDS-related mortality among children, due to effective interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission. Nevertheless, approximately 210 000 children died of AIDS-related causes in 2012.

Within the last decade, public health interventions have been powerful and cost-effective in reducing the malaria burden; however, millions of people still lack access to such programmes.

Globally, tuberculosis cases per 100,000 people continue to fall, with a decline of approximately 2 per cent in 2012 with respect to 2011. If this pattern is sustained, the MDG target of stopping the spread and reversing the incidence of tuberculosis is likely to be achieved.

What is the current situation in Turkey?

Key interventions to control malaria have also been expanded in recent years. In Turkey there is no recorded death due to malaria. The prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Turkey is at a reasonable level and is lower than in Eastern Europe.

However the steady increase in the number of cases suggests that there is a potential risk requiring immediate attention and more awareness needs to be built on the issue.

On the other hand Turkey’s long-term efforts to combat tuberculosis have led to considerable success during the last few decades and the country is well equipped for both the prevention and the treatment of the disease.

According to TÜİK, number of cases of HIV infectious is 557 in 2010 while it was 401 in 2008 and the number of cases of malaria was 215 in 2008 and it was 87 in 2010.

Quick facts
  • In 2011, 230,000 fewer children under age 15 were infected with HIV than in 2001.
  • Eight million people were receiving antiretroviral therapy for HIV at the end of 2011.
  • In the decade since 2000, 1.1 million deaths from malaria were averted.
  • Treatment for tuberculosis has saved some 20 million lives between 1995 and 2011.

Source: 2013 Millennium Development Goals report

Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs