6 Reduce child mortality

What is the current situation in the world?

The global rate of under-five mortality in 2012 was almost half of its 1990 rate, dropping from 90 to 48 deaths per thousand live births.

Most of the 6.6 million deaths in children under age five in 2012 were from leading infectious diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria.

Measles deaths have declined by more than three quarters in the past twelve years, from 562,000 deaths in 2000 to 122,000 in 2012, mostly among children under five years of age.

What is the current situation in Turkey?

Photo: Volkan Nail Gevrek

In Turkey both the under-five mortality and the infant mortality rates are high compared to other European counties, although a significant decrease has been observed in the last thirteen years.

The under-five child mortality rate per 1,000 live births, which was 60.9 in 1993, had declined to 23.9 in 2008 in Turkey.

The under-five child mortality rate, which was decreased by 35%, has particularly improved in the last five years.

Considering this declining trend, it is estimated that the under-five mortality rate will come down to around 20 per 1,000 live births by 2015.

In Turkey, according to TUİK, in 2012 14,845 babies have died before they reached their first age, this was 17,388 in 2009.

Globally measles is one of the leading causes of child deaths among preventable diseases. In Turkey, significant achievements have been made in combatting measles.

According to HUIPS TDHS 2003 data 77.9% of the children in Turkey were immunized against measles in 1993 while this proportion increased to 97% in 2009. The target for 2015 however was to immunize at least 95% of children and currently Turkey is over this target.

Quick facts
  • Since 1990, the child mortality rate has dropped by 41 per cent; 14,000 fewer children are dying each day.
  • Still, 6.9 million children under age five died in 2011 – mostly from preventable diseases.
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, one in nine children die before age five more than 16 times the average for developed regions.

Source: 2013 Millennium Development Goals report

Targets for MDG4
  1. Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
    • Under-five mortality rate
    • Infant mortality rate
    • Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles