6 Promote gender equality and empower women

What is the current situation in the world?

In 2012, all developing regions achieved, or were close to achieving, gender parity in primary education.

Women’s access to paid employment in non-agricultural sectors has been increasing slowly over the past two decades. Women’s share increased globally from 35 per cent in 1990 to 40 per cent in 2012, with increases, although unequal, observed in almost all regions.

Women members of parliament accounted for 21.8 per cent of all parliamentary seats in January 2014, up from 20.3 per cent the previous year.

The percentage of women in ministerial posts at the executive level of Government reached 17.2 per cent in 2014, up from 16.1 per cent in 2008.

Since 2012, the number of female Heads of State or Heads of Government in the world has decreased slightly, from 19 to 18.

What is the current situation in Turkey?

Photo: Murat Özcan

Although Turkey has almost reached its goal of eliminating gender disparity in primary school education, gender is still an issue that requires attention.

The share of girls not taking part in secondary education is striking for the country. As regards to literacy rates, although there has been a significant increase in overall literacy in Turkey since 1990, 7.8 % of women were illiterates compared to the 1.7 % of men in 2011 (TÜİK).

The participation of women in the labour force is 29.3% (TÜİK). Turkey is still far from claiming gender equality in politics where there is a major problem of gender representation.

Although the representation of women parliamentarians in Turkey has shown progress from being 1.3% in 1991 to 14.41% in 2013 (TÜİK), this figure is still very low for a 550-member parliament. According to UNECE statistical database, among selected 51 countries, Sweden has the highest proportion of female deputies with 44,7 %. Turkey is in the 43rd order order with the proportion of 14,4%.

Quick facts
  • Gender parity is closest to being achieved at the primary level; however, only 2 out of 130 countries have achieved that target at all levels of education.
  • Globally, 40 out of 100 wage-earning jobs in the non-agricultural sector are held by women.
  • As of 31 January 2013, the average share of women members in parliaments worldwide was just over 20 per cent.

Kaynak: 2013 Millennium Development Goals report

Targets for MDG3
  1. Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
    • Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
    • Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
    • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament