6 Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty

What is the current situation in the world?

The MDG target has been met, poverty rates have been halved between 1990 and 2010, but 1.2 billion people still live in extreme poverty. In Sub-Saharan Africa, almost half the population live on less than $ 1.25 a day.

The World Bank projects that by 2015; about 970 million people will still be living on less than $ 1.25 a day in countries classified as low or middle income in 1990.

According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), unemployment has increased by 28 million since 2007, and an estimated 39 million people have dropped out of the labour market, leaving a 67 million jobs gap as a result of the global economic and financial crisis.

According to new estimates, about 870 million people, or one in eight worldwide, did not consume enough food on a regular basis to cover their dietary energy requirements over the period 2010 to 2012.

The vast majority of chronically undernourished (852 million) reside in developing countries.


What is the current situation in Turkey?

Photo: İsmail Tütün

The most outstanding achievement of Turkey in the past years in attaining the Millennium Development Goals has been the reduction of the levels of poverty.

Poverty, defined as living on a dollar a day, was practically eliminated standing at 0.01 % in 2006 compared to 0.2 % in 2002 and has completely been eradicated since 2007.

According to Turkish Statistical Institute (TÜİK), proportion of population below $ 2.15 a day in 2011 was 0.14% while it was 3.04% in 2002; the proportion of population below $ 4.3 a day in 2011 was 2.79% while it was 30.30% in 2002.

While the proportion of food poverty in Turkey was 1.35 % in 2002, this rate decreased to 0.54 % in 2008.

Fortunately Turkey does not face a hunger problem but rather a poverty-related malnutrition. The prevalence of underweight children under five years of age was 8.3% in 1998 while this rate fell down to 3.9% in 2003 and 2.8% in 2008.

1.42 years
until 2015

1990 2015
Quick Facts
  •  About 700 million fewer people lived in conditions of extreme poverty in 2010 than in 1990.
  • The economic and financial crisis has widened the global jobs gap by 67 million people.
  • One in eight people still go to bed hungry, despite major progress.
  • Globally, nearly one in six children under age five are underweight; one in four are stunted.
  • An estimated 7 per cent of children under age five worldwide are now overweight, another aspect of malnutrition; one quarter of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa.

Source: 2013 Millennium Development Goals Report

Targets for MDG1
  1. Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day
    • Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Poverty gap ratio
    • Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
  2. Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
    • Growth rate of GDP per person employed
    • Employment-to-population ratio
    • Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day
    • Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger
    • Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age
    • Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption